💥Technical analysis has introduced various statistical and mathematical techniques to apply in analyzing stocks, which have become indicators of stock prices in many forms. In this text, we will discuss some of them, but those interested in other indices can read more as most of them use similar concepts.
💥In the use of technical tools to analyze stocks, oscillators are the commonly used instruments that measure oscillation. Among them are RSI and Stochastic, which can serve as indicators of the market direction in the short to medium term, especially during times when the market moves without direction, also known as sideways or fluctuations within a narrow band. During these times, oscillators can closely follow prices, enabling traders to use them as tools for buying or selling in the short term. Even in market conditions that are not clearly uptrending or downtrending, oscillators can help determine if the trend will continue to strengthen or weaken.
👉Introduction to Overbought, Oversold, Convergence, and Divergence👈
💥Most indicators are derivatives that measure changes in stock prices. A simple analogy is to compare the price to the speed of a car and the indicators to the car's acceleration when we press the accelerator or decelerate when we press the brakes. Acceleration increases the speed of the car, and we see the acceleration and top speed rise simultaneously.
💥When we release the accelerator, the car continues moving due to inertia, but the acceleration is zero. When we gently tap the brake, the car still moves forward, but the braking force gradually slows it down, and the acceleration becomes negative. In this case, the acceleration and velocity of the car move in opposite directions because the car continues to move forward, but with negative acceleration (becoming a deceleration).
💥Similarly, in the stock market, we may see that the price is still rising, but the market lacks momentum (which is like acceleration), and this is called overbought. This happens when traders have bought stocks to the point where almost everyone is holding stocks, but fewer people want to buy them. During a market crash, everyone rushes to sell, causing the price to drop rapidly due to strong selling pressure. But at a certain point, the selling pressure starts to decrease, and the market becomes oversold, even though the price is still declining.
💥Indicators are also used to measure buying or selling pressure, which determines the direction of the price. Therefore, during a market acceleration, indicators will move in the same direction as the price, which is called Convergence. But when the market starts to run out of acceleration, although the price is still running in the same direction, some indicators will start to move in a different direction from the price, which is what we call Divergence. This serves as a warning signal that the market is starting to run out of steam, and traders need to be careful as the direction may soon reverse (Reversal) since there is no other support to keep the market going.
💥Some traders are very quick and apply other technical principles to the indicator, such as using trendline charting techniques or finding the Moving Average of the indicator as a trading signal, which can give good signals. However, the best approach is to gradually start buying or selling little by little when there is a signal, using other technical tools with the indicator, and gradually buying or selling until the actual signal is confirmed. Some traders overreact to small indicator movements and buy or sell, which is not recommended.
💥General rules for reading indicators include that if the indicator reaches the upper or lower band, known as Overbought and Oversold, it indicates that the stock is overbought or oversold. If the indicator and the price move in different directions, this is usually a warning that a reversal may follow, and an important signal will be generated when the oscillator is in the OB/OS zone. For some indicators, crossing the zero line is a signal to buy or sell according to the trend.
💥Overbought and Oversold refer to indicators used to determine periods when market prices are too high or too low. When the indicator reaches the overbought level, it means that the asset is overbought and the price may start to fall. When the indicator reaches the oversold level, it means that the asset is oversold and the price may start to rise. Traders use these signals to make buying or selling decisions.
💥Overbought and oversold refer to the levels at which an asset's price has moved too far in a particular direction, either upward or downward. Overbought conditions occur when an asset's price has increased too quickly and too far, and may be due for a pullback or correction. Oversold conditions occur when an asset's price has decreased too quickly and too far, and may be due for a rebound or rally.
💥💥Traders can use various technical indicators, such as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) or Stochastic Oscillator, to identify overbought and oversold conditions. In general, when an asset is considered overbought, traders may consider selling or taking profits. When an asset is considered oversold, traders may consider buying or taking a long position.
💥Convergence and Divergence refer to indicators used to determine trend changes. When the convergence indicator starts moving towards the X-axis, it means that the trend is starting to change and a buy can be expected. When the divergence indicator starts moving towards the X-axis, it means that the trend is continuing and a sell can be expected.
💥Convergence and divergence are terms used to describe the relationship between an asset's price and a technical indicator. Convergence occurs when the asset's price and the indicator are moving in the same direction, indicating a strong trend. Divergence occurs when the asset's price and the indicator are moving in opposite directions, indicating a potential reversal in trend.
💥💥Traders can use convergence and divergence to identify potential buy and sell signals. In an uptrend, traders may look for bullish convergence, where the indicator is rising while the price is also rising, indicating a strong trend. In a downtrend, traders may look for bearish convergence, where the indicator is falling while the price is also falling, indicating a strong trend. Conversely, traders may look for bullish divergence in a downtrend or bearish divergence in an uptrend, as these may signal a potential reversal in trend.
💥Traders should use these indicators in combination with other tools and analyze data from multiple sources to obtain the most accurate buy and sell signals.